The Types of Drawing Inks

Drawing ink are used for calligraphy and illustrations. The first confirmed appearance of the ink was in China made from lamp oil, pinewood smoke and gelatin from skins of animals. Today there are a lot ink colors to choose from besides the standard black and white inks.

Here are the types of drawing and calligraphy inks available today.

1. Alcohol-based

Alcohol-based inks dry fast, are acid-free and produce vibrant colors. They are made from solid-based dyes. You can usually find this ink in permanent markers. Some people can create this ink out of other household items. It is used to paint surfaces like glass, plastic and other non-porous materials.

2. Pigment-based

Pigment-based inks have color pigments and a binding agent. The agent is made from either acrylic or shellac. Artists usually choose this ink for calligraphy and as inks for fountain pens. They are also known as India ink or China ink.

3. Solvent-based

Solvent-based inks have a strong smell but are waterproof, longer-lasting, scratch-proof and have a bright color. In fact, they don’t fade. They are used on materials that are non-absorbent. This type of ink is made from pigment, carrier fluid and resin. Solvent-based inks are used in printers.

4. Water-based

Water-based inks have dyes that are light and thin. They dry quickly, are water-proof and don’t have a strong smell. They are also called dye-based inks because the dyes they contain are chemically dissolved.

Ink Quality

When purchasing inks, here are the factors you need to consider.

1. Drying Time

Some inks are quick-drying, ideal for those who don’t want smudges while they work. It’s also important to check the difference of the hue when the ink is wet or dry.

2. Thickness

This refers to the blackness or lightness of the ink. Not all black inks for example have the same hue. Some are very black while others are lighter. The best way to determine how black the black ink is is to try it on paper. Some inks also appear lighter when dry than when wet.

3. Feathering

Feathering refers to the quality of the nib or tip to create blurry lines that look like feathers. Some quick-dry inks don’t produce feathering because the flow of ink is more controlled.

4. Finish

The finish can either be glossy or matte. This can be determined when the ink is dry. Glossy is lustrous or shiny, while matte looks smooth and dull.

5. Solubility

This refers to the quality of being dissolved by water or other substances. If you don’t want your artwork to have smudges when you apply another paint for example, use waterproof and marker-proof inks.

size=”4″>Types of Inks

How to Pick the Right Wedding Outfit for the Groom

While most of the guests will be looking forward to seeing the bride, the wedding wouldn’t be complete with the groom. There is an unwritten rule that the groom’s outfit should not clash with that of the bride’s. There is more than one way of dressing up for the big day besides the usual suit, however.

Let’s look at all the options you might find at the bridal studio in Singapore.

Suit versus Tuxedo

Some people use the words “suit” and “tuxedo” interchangeable but these are two different types of clothing although they look quite identical. If you’ve ever seen a James Bond movie, then you might have noticed how he’s always dressed in a clean-cut suit. A suit is a complete set of clothes made from the same type of cloth. Its most important pieces are the jacket and trousers.

A tuxedo, meanwhile, uses satin on some parts of the clothing such as the buttons, lapels, pocket trim and the side stripe on the pant legs. Traditionally, tuxedos from the interesting wedding bridal studio in Singapore should be worn with waistcoats and bow ties. Suits are worn over a collared shirt with necktie. However, most suits and tuxedos today use a variety of materials so there are some exceptions. One such example is the white dinner jacket outfit. It is a tuxedo but it doesn’t have any satin on the turn-down collar shirt, black pants, white dinner jacket and black accessories.

Choosing the Color

When it comes to choosing the color for your suit or tuxedo, it will depend on the theme of the wedding and whether the groom wants to match his outfit with the groomsmen or complement the bride’s gown. Traditional tuxedos have black waistcoats, pants and jacket over white shirt. Some grooms however might want to vary the combination of black and white or go for gray or tan. Consider how many people might be wearing suits on your wedding day. You wouldn’t want to blend in with the crowd because it’s your wedding after all. Choose from a variety of styles and combinations available at the bridal boutique in Singapore. Your suit or tuxedo should make you stand out from your guests to commemorate the once-in-a-lifetime event.

Suit Jacket versus Blazer

Blazers were originally worn over the white shirt and made from a solid-colored cloth usually black or navy blue. A suit jacket was made to wear over a suit, but that is not so simple nowadays. It’s difficult to distinguish the two just by looking at them. There really is no difference. But one thing that makes the suit jacket stand out is that it comes with a set of pants that matches the cloth and color.

The suit jacket is always paired with matching pants. The blazer doesn’t come with pants. There is no rule, however, that says you can only pick one over the other. In fact, your bridal studio will encourage you to mix and match the pieces for a more modern look. You can wear a blazer instead of the matching suit jacket over the pants for variety. A tailor-made matching outfit looks boring, so ask the bridal boutique in Singapore for other colors and designs to choose from.

Matching Your Pants

Most bridal boutique will advise you to pick neutral and classic colors for your pants. That’s because black, navy blue and gray never go out of style. These colors also will not clash with a brightly colored suit jacket or blazer. Why pick a solid two-piece suit or tuxedo when you can put on an ensemble with contrasting colors? Depending on your wedding theme, add some twist to your outfit so you don’t get mistaken for one of your groomsmen. Put on a blazer over colored pants. Don’t be afraid to try checkers, stripes and other patterns. That option gives you more control of what you actually want to wear on your special day.

Dress Shirt and Waistcoats

Your dress shirt is just as important as your suit or tuxedo. A clean white shirt is the most ideal for any color and will complement the bride’s white gown. You can also pick other colors like cream and light blue. Wear an undershirt during your wedding for extra protection. Don’t stop there. You can also wear cardigans, waistcoats and colored shirts and jeans. You can also choose to go with an open collar and no tie or bowtie. Choose from high stance or low button stance waistcoats depending on the cut of your suit jacket or blazer. Just make sure that you’re not gonna be sweating a lot under all those layers of clothes if the wedding venue is outdoors in Singapore.

The bridal studio also offers a selection of ties and bows in different colors, fabric and patterns. Think of these as accessories that will enhance your outfit and will mark you as the other important half of the wedding. Don’t forget to accessorize the boutonnieres and buttonholes which will be the equivalent of your bride’s bouquet. Some grooms also choose to adorn the pocket squares and cufflinks. You can choose a contrasting color of pattern for the handkerchief, while your cufflinks should reflect your style and personality.

Socks and Shoes

Try not to wear white socks if you’re planning to wear black or dark blue pants. You can play with your choice of socks, however, so you don’t have to stick to one color or pattern. You can try to match your socks with your groomsmen’s socks too. As for your shoes, the ideal colors would be either black or brown. Classic design and colors never go wrong, but you can change them depending on your wedding theme. The goal is to set yourself apart from all the other men attending the event.

5 Ab Exercises You Can Do in the Office

Who says you are too busy to exercise when you can do it at work? Yes, you can actually work those muscles in the comfort of your office. All you need is your office chair and you’re on your way to shedding those fats away. But just like any fitness routines, you need to warm yourself up and observe stretching beforehand. So, get ready to grab those chairs and office mates:

1. Sit-ups

Place your hands, while observing shoulder width distance on the seat of the chair and step back with both feet similar to a plank position. Engage your core as you lift your hips up and down lightly. Sit ups help you strengthen and tighten your core while building abdominal muscles. Do this routine with the aid of your chair at least 10 reps for 3 sets.

2. Knee Lifts

Sit on the chair’s edge and place your hands on the side, bend your knees and slightly lean back. Pull your knees in the direction of your chest and crunch using your abs. As your legs are lifted up, slowly lower your feet, making sure they’re not touching the floor and repeat the routine at least 10 times. Make this exercise slow yet controlled, and remember to observe proper breathing during execution.

3. Pull Ups

Before you do this exercise, make sure your office chair has no wheels otherwise, it’s not advisable to do this. Start your position by placing your hands on the armrest of the chair and slowly lift yourself up. Remember to engage your core, draw strength from your abs to pull your lower body. Hold this position for two seconds or as long as you can then go back to sitting form.

4. Oblique Crunch

Sit up straight on the chair with feet planted on the ground. Place your hands at the back of your head and lift your one knee, near chest-level and simultaneously twist your torso while moving your elbow close to the lifted knee. Do the same on the other side. Continue the routine back and forth, repeating at least 10 times.

5. Side Bends

This exercise also works on your oblique. Sit up straight and extend one arm up straight above your head as you bend to the opposite side. Allow your other arm hang on your side while holding this position. Slowly move back to the starting post and repeat on the other side. If you want to add challenge, you can hold a bottle of water in your hand.

Are Moles Really Harmless?

Moles are common and mostly harmless. Moles that appear during adulthood are also normal. But what if a mole starts to change?

What are moles?

Moles, also called nevi (plural), are one of several harmless skin lesions that can appear on the body. These are often brown, slightly raised spots on the skin. They can also be flat, round, and colored differently. Some have hair and can change in appearance over time.

Why do they appear?

Moles appear because some cells called melanocytes in the skin grow in a cluster. Melanocytes are responsible for our skin color. They appear on different parts of the body including the scalp and under the nails. A common mole is usually 5 mm in diameter.

What are the types of moles?

1. Atypical or dysplastic mole is slightly larger than regular moles. It has a different shape and often has more than one color. It can be mistaken for melanoma, so you will need to consult a dermatologist.
2. Spitz mole also looks like melanoma. They are usually raised, domed and pink in color. They often appear during childhood and adolescence.
3. Congenital mole is a mole that is already present when a baby is born.
4. Acquired mole appears later after birth and is at risk of developing into melanoma.

Moles are also classified by location:
1. Junctional melanocytic mole are raised and dark.
2. Intradermal mole has a color that blends with the skin.
3. Compound mole exhibits both qualities.
4. The halo mole has a ring of skin around it.

Can moles be removed?

Moles that are normal do not need to be removed. But if it’s bothersome for the person, it can be removed either through surgical shave or excision. Cancerous moles should be examined through biopsy.

What if they change?

Moles can be examined visually for changes. It is normal for moles to change over a long period of time, but you should watch out for the following signs:
1. Assymetry – half of the mole is different from the other half.
2. Border – the borders are not defined and are irregular in shape.
3. Color – the mole has different, uneven colors.
4. Diameter – typical moles should not be wider than 6 mm in diameter.
5. Evolution – a mole looks different from the rest in terms of color, size and shape.

What is melanoma?

Melanoma is one type of skin cancer and commonly manifests as moles on the chest and back. Cancer begins in the melanocytes and can spread to the tissues if not treated early. You should go to a doctor if you see any changes like those five listed above or if the mole has lesions, bleeding and is lumpy, scaly or itchy. Melanoma can be treated using surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, immunotherapy and targeted therapy.

How to Aid a Choking Person

 

The chances of you rescuing a choking person are minimal but in case it happens, you should know what to do. Choking is very serious and dangerous. If ignored, it can cost life. The universal sigh of choking is hands clasped to the throat. That should be an enough indicator for you to help the person. However, there are times that the person won’t give any signal.

If the person is not giving any signal but you see him/her struggling, you have to look for other indicators of choking like inability to talk, noisy or difficulty in breathing, loss of consciousness and lips are turning blue. Now that you know that indicator of choking, you have to apply whatever you learned during your first aid sessions. Just a refresher, you should perform the abdominal thrusts or also called the Heimlich maneuver. How to do this?

  1. Stand behind: You have to perform this immediately. Stand behind the victim and put your arms around his/her waist. The person should be slightly slanted forward.

 

  1. Make fist: Since your hands are wrapped around the victim, your one hand should form like a fist. Put the fist just above the navel of the victim.

  1. Grip the other hand: While the other hand is making a fist, the other should grip it. After gripping the fist, press it had into the victim’s abdomen and with a fast upward thrust. Just imagine that you are trying to lift a person.

 

  1. Perform five: The upward thrust should be enough to get whatever is dislodged but if there is a need, you should perform total of five thrusts.

If you are the only person in the room with the victim, perform the thrust first before calling the emergency number. If you have other companion, let him/her make the call while you are trying to rescue the choking victim.

If you are trained enough, you might want to apply the “five and five” approach.  The approach includes giving five back blows, five abdominal thrusts and alternate until you have dislodged whatever is blocking. What if the victim becomes unconscious? This is more serious. If you are trained in standard CPR and chest compressions together with rescue breaths, you have to do it right away. You might save his/her life.

It is always best to be careful of the things you put into your mouth. Dislodging it might risk your life and that can be a traumatic experience. Here in Singapore, you can join first aid trainings just to make sure that you know what to do in an event of choking and other accidents.

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