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How Long Should Wounds Heal?

You might wonder what goes on in the healing process and if there is a normal timeline for healing of different kinds of wounds. How long your wounds take to heal can tell you a lot of things about your body, so you need to understand the healing stages to make recovery faster.

Wound Healing Stages
There are three major types of open and closed wounds. Open wounds create an opening that will expose the tissues, while the closed wounds cause damages in the underlying tissue without the exposure to the outside environment. Wounds heal differently if it’s penetrating or non-penetrating, clean or contaminated, and internal or external.

Non-penetrating wounds include abrasions, lacerations, contusions, and concussions. Penetrating wounds are stab wounds, skin cuts, surgical wounds and gunshot wounds. Other wounds are classified as miscellaneous such as thermal wounds, chemical wounds, electrical wounds, and bites and stings.

So how do these wounds heal? Most doctors divide the healing stages into three; inflammatory, proliferation and maturation, but the four stages below are easier to understand.

Bleeding. Puncture wounds will usually bleed at first, so wait for the bleeding to stop because your body will form clots and this in turn will become a scab. If the bleeding doesn’t stop after 10 minutes even when pressure is applied, you should seek medical help immediately because your body might be unable to form clots.

Swelling. If your wound looks red and swollen, it’s natural because your blood vessels have expanded to allow more blood to flow to the injured area. The clear fluid that comes out of the wound is a natural defense system of the body to get rid of infection. This stage normally lasts for 2 to 5 days. If it’s still swollen for more than a week, you need to have it checked by a doctor to determine if it’s infected. Look out for excessive pain and redness, black edges (could be dead tissue), foul odor, and thick discharges of clear, green or yellow fluids on the wound.

Tissue Regrowth. After five days, the body will initiate tissue regrowth to repair any damages to the tissues and blood vessels. Tissue regrowth should be complete within three weeks for small wounds and you will notice that the wound will appear smaller over time. For deeper wounds, they should heal or begin to show signs of healing within 30 days.

Scar Formation. In some cases, scar formation can take up to 2 years depending on the type of wound. Scarring will begin once the area feels itchy and the scab falls off. Don’t worry about having permanent scars, because some will disappear over time if they’re from a small wound. There are people, however, who are prone to scarring and will have keloids or thick scars.

If your wounds have not healed or are not healing properly, you will need to see a doctor to determine if you have an infection or you were not diagnosed with diabetes. Other factors that will slow down the healing process include obesity, stress, alcohol abuse, and smoking.

Should you Avoid Drinking Milk Tea?

Milk tea is popularly enjoyed all over the world. Most prevalent in Asian countries, this drink can be relished anytime of the day — making it a perfect companion alongside your breakfast, lunch, and dinner meals. The sweet drink allows your body to relax, helps you achieve a good night sleep, and releases the accumulated stress you have after a long day.

However, there can be a downside to drinking milk tea. There are certain people who are notably better off not consuming the drink, and there are also general disadvantages when it comes to drinking milk tea regularly. This doesn’t mean milk tea is downright bad, but rather, it should be taken in moderation.

People who must avoid too much milk tea
Those are anemic are not recommended to consume a lot of milk tea. The drink may potentially trigger low blood flow, putting your health situation at risk.

Regular consumption of milk tea is also not recommended for people diagnosed with diabetes and gallbladder problems. The drink doesn’t help your situation, and if anything, it may only worsen it further.

While milk tea has some relaxing and soothing effects shortly after drinking, it isn’t advisable to consume for some cases — such as with pregnant women. A number of pregnant women who regularly consumed milk tea over the course of their pregnancy were found out to cause some effects to the growing baby.

People who are suffering from prostate diseases, like having an enlarged prostate in particular, are not recommended to consume milk tea daily. The drink may potentially cause the prostate disease to worsen and accelerate further in its later stages, putting yourself on the line.

Other disadvantages
While milk tea can bring more harm than good to certain people (especially to those with the cases presented above), there are disadvantages attached to the sweet drink in general. These disadvantages may burden just about anyone who likes to consume the drink on a regular basis.

Milk tea is notorious for drastically increasing one’s weight. While this can be a good thing among people who are trying to gain weight, this can be more of a hassle to those who are trying to shed off some pounds for the summer. Unwanted weight gain can be stressful, after all.

The drink does not only contains generous amount of fat, but it may also hurt the body’s iron levels. Combining milk and tea can inhibit iron absorption. The drink contains a polyphenol called tannins, which is known to be a hindrance in iron absorption.

Milk tea may also trigger a type of anemia since it causes a low blood flow. Furthermore, because of some iron deficient-factors in the drink, it may also trigger another common type of anemia: the iron-deficiency anemia.

Can an Expectant Mother Go Vegan?

You’ve probably read countless articles on the advantages and disadvantages of going vegan despite the variety of food available for everyone today. While there are undeniably some benefits of choosing such a lifestyle, there are also a lot of valid objections to its repercussions on a person’s health.

One of the most controversial issues is maintaining that lifestyle when you are expecting a child.

Varied Opinions
Unfortunately, the answer could be different for each woman, because not only will the amount of vitamins and minerals have to be monitored, the availability, price, and palatability of food should also be taken into consideration. A pregnant woman should never be forced to eat something she doesn’t like; however, an alternative healthy source should be substituted especially if it’s essential to the diet. Some mothers claim that they have had healthy pregnancies as vegans, while other testimonies reveal that some had to rely on supplements for nutrients not readily found in fruits and vegetables.

Prenatal Vitamins and Minerals
So, how do you decide if you can survive with a vegan diet while pregnant? Although there are anecdotal evidences to successful vegan pregnancies, you need to take into consideration your health, your budget, and the availability of healthy food. To know how much you and your baby will need for the next 9 months, you should keep in mind the recommended amounts for vitamins and minerals.

• Protein = 71 g
• Iron = 27 mg
• Calcium = between 1,000 to 1,300 mg
• Vitamin A and Beta Carotene = between 700 to 1,000 mcg
• Vitamin D = between 600 to 4,000 IU
• Vitamin E = between 15 to 1,000 mg
• Vitamin C = between 80 to 2,000 mg
• Vitamin B12 = 2.6 mcg
• Folic Acid or Folate = between 400 to 1,000 mcg
• Zinc = between 11 to 13 mg
• Thiamin or B1 = 1.4 mg
• Riboflavin or B2 = 1.4 mg
• Niacin or B3 = between 18 to 35 mg
• Pyridoxine or B6 = between 1.9 to 100 mg

Vegan Diet
Simply put, this diet is limited, which is why most vegans use supplements and accompaniments to get all the nutrients. Typically, a vegan mother’s diet consists of the following: green peas, quinoa, buckwheat, oatmeal, pinto beans, chickpeas, whole wheat pasta, whole grain bread and cereals, soy milk, tofu, nuts, and miso. To get calcium, eat green leafy vegetables and orange juice, while iron sources can be found in beans, soy products, barley, bulgur, pumpkin seeds, dried fruits, spinach, kale, collard greens, and seaweed. Other vitamins can be found in fortified cereals, fortified meat substitutes, and fortified soy milk.

Non-Vegan Diet
If you decide to set aside your vegan diet, your meals will have more variety. Vitamins and minerals can be found in milk, eggs, cheese and most dairy products, high-protein food, liver, carrots, pumpkin, potatoes, fatty fish, nuts, spinach, wheat germ, green beans, strawberries, broccoli, whole grains, organ meats, pasta, rice, berries, legumes, pork, chicken, beef and most red meats, bread, bananas, cantaloupe, shellfish, oysters, cauliflower, cereals, canned fish with bones, fruit juices, dried beans, dried fruits, and other fruits and vegetables.

4 Psychological Health Factors in the Workplace and Their Importance to Employers

Most people spend most of their time at work, no wonder why work environment plays a key role with respect to psychological health and economic well-being of the company.

A 2016 Job Happiness Index survey by JobStreet.com.Sg reported that as far as job happiness is concerned, Singapore ranks at the last spot compared to its neighboring countries. Participants were mixed groups coming from fresh graduates to supervisorial positions as well as from the top management. Aside from the ratings, the survey also provided clues to companies on the factors that employees find worth staying or leaving in an organization and the programs they can focus on to establish a better work place.

On the other hand, a Western organization called American Psychological Association (APA) conducts annual recognition to companies across the country for their dedication to psychological ell-being of employees and commitment to a positive working environment. Basis on the awards come from policies and programs that significantly create a positive outcome in the psychological wellness of its workforce.

According to experts, there are four (4) factors that companies who aspire to cultivate a more positive and healthier working environment should focus on:

1. Employee Recognition
Psychiatrist Gail Saltz points how given that our identities are connected to our professions, recognition and appreciation at work gives us an overall feeling of being valued and improved self-esteem, protecting us from feelings of anxiety and depression. It should come as no surprise that human nature dictates when a person is appreciated, all that he would want in return is to do more—even more than what is expected of him. Another successful way to put it is for employers to place their people in a position that would enable them to work at their best and sharpen their strengths.

2. Work and Life Balance
This might sound quite of a cliché but never runs out of points of discussion as far as employee satisfaction is concerned. A survey from Prudential Life Company indicated 89% of employee population felt that the organization gave importance to work-life balance. Some practices may include paid leave for health-related activities, flexible work schedule or sponsored fitness-related buys. For many employees, these opportunities make them feel important because they are also physically taken-cared of. As a result, much stress is lifted off in the workplace which generates a positive and relaxed office atmosphere.

3. Overall Healthy Lifestyle
Programs should not only be limited to physical well-being but also extend to psychological and financial health. A successful program needs to address issues that employees and their families can benefit to such as financial education/savings, debt management, and personal stress. These types of program help employees reduce stress and depression in the long run.

4. Health Assistance
Companies that are far more open about employees’ struggle for costly medicines and unavailable treatments not only help their people but also eliminate productivity issues in the workplace. Needless to say, workers who have developed psychological issues (anxiety, depression etc.), will most likely have higher chances of getting other medical problems, such as hypertension, cardiac etc. and this can greatly affect monetary and productivity matters.

6 Benefits of Yoga  

 

We hear about yoga but we do not give it a chance to change our lives. It is time that we give yoga a chance. There are many fitness centres here in Singapore that offers yoga. Patrons saw how yoga changed their lives.

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Here are the benefits of yoga:

  1. All around fitness: Patrons say that being truly healthy is not only physical but it should also be mental and emotional. Yoga helps balance these things. In other words, yoga is the holistic package.
  1. Weight loss: Many Singaporeans want weight loss but they haven’t tried yoga. Yoga presents an excellent opportunity because it can train the body to seek the right kind of food and when.

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  1. Stress relief: Exercises and other form of activities can relieve stress. Yoga can also serve as our stress reliever. Through its postures, we get rid of stress that is accumulated every day.
  1. Inner peace: Yoga is a promoter of inner peace. Whenever we are troubled, we seek for peaceful and serene spots hoping to appease our spirits but little do we know that inner peace is within us. Yoga can help calm disturbed mind or spirit. It is cheap and we can do it any time of the day.
  1. Increased energy: Yoga can help increase our energy level. Things can be exhausting at the end of the day but yoga can give us that extra stamina or endurance to finish few more tasks. Yoga is not only for inner peace, it also includes body strengthening.
  1. Improved flexibility and posture: Regular practice of yoga makes our body strong and flexible. It can stretch and tone the muscles in our body. Not only that, it can also improve our postures when standing, sitting and walking.

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